American Council of Learned Societies
Occasional Paper No. 37

Information Technology in Humanities Scholarship:
Achievements, Prospects, and Challenges—
The United States Focus


Links to Projects and Services
Brief Bibliography and References


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H |
I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R |
S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

ALEX: A Catalog of Electronic Texts on the Internet
Alexandria Digital Library
AltaVista search engine
American Arts and Letters Network (AALN)
American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS)
American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library
American Verse Project
ARGOS: Limited Area Search of the Ancient and Medieval Internet
ARTFL: American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language
Arts and Humanities Data Service
Up to Index

Bakhtin Centre
Beazley Archive
Berkeley Finding Aid Project
British National Corpus
Brown Storyspace Cluster
Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Up to Index

Canterbury Tales Project
Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities
Center for Research in Electronic Art Technology
Clearinghouse of Image Databases and IMAGELIB listserv archives
Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)
Collaboratory for the Humanities
The Complete Writings and Pictures of Dante Gabriel Rossetti: A Hypermedia Research Archive
Critical Inquiry
CTI Centre for Music
Critical Inquiry
Up to Index

DAEDALUS (A Video-Database of Images and Sources for Ancient Greek Sculptures and Their Work) <UDCL006@UK.AC.KCL.CC.OAK>
Dartmouth Dante Project <Telnet://>
Dictionary of Old English <>
Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Project <>
Up to Index

Early American Fiction Archive
Early Modern Literary Studies
Eastgate Systems, Inc.
Eighteenth-Century Short Title Catalogue
Electronic Archive of Early American Fiction
Electronic Beowulf
Electronic Text Library
Electronic Poetry Center
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Research Centre on Micro-Social Change
Ethnologue: Languages of the World
Ethnomusicology Online
European State Finance Database Project <>
Up to Index

Ford Foundation
Up to Index

Getty Information Institute (GII)
William Elliot Griffis Collection
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation
Up to Index

History Reviews Online
Humanities Advanced Technology & Information Institute
Humanities Text Initiative
Huntington Library's William Blake Works <>
Up to Index

Infoseek search engine
Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)
International Philosophical Preprint Exchange
Internet Archaeology
Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
Up to Index

Johns Hopkins University Press e-publishing
Journal of Buddhist Ethics
Journal of Seventeeth Century Music
Up to Index

Language Visualization and Multilayer Text Analysis
Linguistic Data Consortium
LION: Literature Online
Literary Resources on the Net
Lycos search engine
Up to Index

Making of America Project
Mapping London in the 1690s <>
Machine-Readable Spoken English Corpus <EIA008@UK.AC.LANCASTER.CENTRAL>
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Mississippi Review
Morelli Project <UBWC002@BBK.CU.AC.UK>
Museum Educational Site Licensing Project
Up to Index

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
National Digital Library Federation (NDLF)
National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Humanities
NISS (National Information Services and Systems)
Up to Index

Online Computer Library Center, Inc. (OCLC)
Oriental Institute Virtual Museum
Oxford Concordance Program (OCP) <OCP@VAX.OX.AC.UK>
Oxford Text Archive
Up to Index

Pew Charitable Trusts
Postmodern Culture and PMC-MOO
Project Muse
Project Open Book
Project Utopia, Cornell University <>
Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire <>
Prosopography of Italian Renaissance University Teachers and Students <P.R.DENLEY@UK.AC.QMW>
Project Open Book
Up to Index

REESWeb: Russian and East European Studies Internet Resources
Research Libraries Group
Research Libraries Information Network (RLIN)
Rockefeller Foundation
Roman Bath <>
Rossetti Room
Up to Index

SGML Web Page
Slavic Review
Spencer Foundation
SPIRO: Architecture Image Database
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Stanford University's Digital Library Project
Storyspace (Eastgate)
Up to Index

Teaching and Learning Technology Programme: Music Consortium <CTIMUSIC@UK.AC.LANCASTER>
Text Encoding Initiative
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
Thesaurus Linguarum Hiberniae
TORGO: WebTool for On-Line Journal Research
Toolbook (Asymetrix)
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database
Up to Index

UC Berkeley Digital Library Project
University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign Digital Libraries Initiative
University of Michigan Digital Library Project
University of Michigan Papyrus Collection
University of Michigan Press Digital Publishing Department
Up to Index

Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War
Victorian Web
Victorian Women Writers Project
Voice of the Shuttle
Up to Index

Webcrawler search engine
Wellington Papers Database <C.M.WOOLGAR@UK.AC.SOTON>
Wesleyan Confucian Project
Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation
Women Writers Project
Up to Index

Back to Top


Adamo, G. Bibliografia di Informatica Umanistica. Roma: Bulzoni Editore, 1994.

Bailey, C. W., Jr. "Network-Based Electronic Publishing of Scholarly Works: A Selective Bibliography." The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 6.1 (1995). Web version 26(10/25/96).

Baker, K. M. Inventing the French Revolution: Essays on French Political Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Bearman, D., ed. Research Agenda for Networked Cultural Heritage. Santa Monica: Getty Art History Information Program, 1996.

Besser, H., and J. Trant. Introduction to Imaging: Issues in Constructing an Image Database. Santa Monica: Getty Art History Information Program, 1995.

Burkholder, L. (ed.), Philosophy and the Computer. Boulder, Co.: Westview, 1992.

Burnard, L., and H. Short. An Arts and Humanities Data Service: Report of a Feasibility Study Comissioned by the Information Systems Sub-Committee of the Joint Information Systems Committee of the Higher Education Funding Councils.Oxford, 1994.

Burrows, J. F. Computation into Criticism: A Study of Jane Austen's Novels and an Experiment in Method. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.

Conway, P.. Preservation in the Digital World. Washington, D.C: Commission on Preservation and Access, 1996.

Cummings, A., et al. University Libraries and Scholarly Communication. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries, 1992.

Digital Libraries. Spec. issue of Communications of the ACM 38.4 (1995).

Ennals, R., and J-C. Gardin, eds. Interpretation in the Humanities: Perspectives from Artificial Intelligence. Library and Information Research Report 71. London: British Library, 1990.

Feeney, M. and S. Ross. Information Technology in Humanities Scholarship: British Achievements, Prospects, and Barriers. R&DD Report 6097. London: British Academy and British Library Research and Development Department, 1993.

Feldman, D., F. W. Newman, and T. Rommel. Erfurt Conference on Computing in the Humanities. Heidelberg: Universitätverlag C. Winter, 1997.

Foster, D. W. Elegy by W.S.: A Study in Attribution. Newark: University of Delaware Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1989.

Genet, J-P. and A. Zampoli, eds. Computers and the Humanities. Aldershot: Dartmouth for the European Science Foundation, 1992.

Gould, C.C.. Information Needs in the Humanities: An Assessment. Stanford, CA: Research Libraries Group, Inc., 1988.

Hayles, N. K., ed. Chaos and Order: Complex Dynamics in Literature and Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Joyce, M. Of Two Minds: Hypertext, Pedagogy, and Poetics. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.

Katzen, M., ed. Scholarship and Technology in the Humanities. London: Bowker-Saur for British Library Research, 1991.

Kenna, S., and S. Ross. Networking in the Humanities: Proceedings of the Second Conference on Scholarship and Technology in the Humanities Held at Elvetham Hall, Hampshire, UK, 13-16 April 1994. London: Bowker Saur, 1995.

Kenny, A. The Aristotelian Ethics: A Study of the Relationship between the Eudemian and the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

Kenny, A. Computers and the Humanities. Ninth British Library Research Lecture. London: British Library, 1992.

Kouzes, R. T., J. D. Myers, and W .A. Wulf. "Collaboratories: Doing Science on the Internet," Computer 29.8 (1996): 40-46.

Lancashire, I., ed. The Humanities Computing Yearbook 1989-90: A Comprehensive Guide to Software and Other Resources. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.

Lancashire, I., ed. Research in Humanities Computing I (1991).

Lanham, R. The Electronic Word: Democracy, Technology, and the Arts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Ledger, G. R. Re-counting Plato: A Computer Analysis of Plato's Style. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Leslie, M. "The Hartlib Papers Project: Text Retrieval with Large Datasets." Literary and Linguistic Computing 5.1 (1990): 58-69.

Library of Congress. "American Memory Background Papers and Technical Information."

Mawdsley, E., N. Morgan, L. Richmond, and R. Trainor, eds. History and Computing III, Historians, Computers and Data: Applications in Research and Training. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990.

McCarty, W. "Selective Bibliography for Humanities Computing." 2nd ed.

Miall, D.S. (ed.), Humanities and the Computer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.

Michelson, A., and J. Rothenberg. `Scholarly Communication and Information Technology: Exploring the Impact of Changes in the Research Process on Archives." American Archivist 55.2 (Spring 1992).

Mullings, C., M. Deegan, S. Ross, and S. Kenna, eds. New Technologies for the Humanities. London: Bawker Saur, 1996.

Mulvaney, J., and C. Steele. Changes in Scholarly Communication Patterns: Australia and the Electronic Library. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities, 1993.

Slatin, J. M. "Is There a Text in this Class? Creating Knowledge in the Electronic Classroom." Sociomedia: Multimedia, Hypermedia, and the Social Construction of Knowledge.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.

Back to Top


Any errors and omissions are the sole responsibility of the editors. The energy and spirit behind this publication can be attributed to many creative, thoughtful individuals who have supported humanities computing and fostered excellence in the projects and programs with which they are associated. These people include Susan Hockey, University of Alberta; David Bearman, Archives and Museum Informatics; Janet Murray, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Clifford Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information; Michael Joyce, Vassar College; Kevin Kiernan, University of Kentucky; Margaret Hedstrom, University of Michigan; N. Katherine Hayles, University of California at Los Angeles; Jennifer Trant, Archives and Museum Informatics; Joseph Busch, Getty Information Institute; Ann Kenny, Cornell University; Willard McCarty, Kings College, London; and Peter Lyman, University of California at Berkeley.

Thanks also to Stanley N. Katz, President, American Council of Learned Societies; Douglas C. Bennett, President, Earlham College (formerly Vice President, American Council of Learned Societies); Joan Lippincott, Associate Director, Coalition for Networked Information; David Green, Executive Director, National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage; and Duane Webster, Executive Director, Association for Research Libraries, for their ongoing support of a better understanding of the transformational potential of humanities computing.

Special recognition is due to the late Paul Evan Peters, whose encouragement and tireless efforts on behalf of the humanities will remain an invaluable part of his legacy. One need only look about to see what he helped build.

Preface | I. Background
II. Information Technology and Scholarship | III. New Developments and Change
IV. To Challenge and Invigorate Future Scholarship | V. Principal Recommendations and Follow-up Activities